A fire can keep you warm, keep predators away, and provide heat for cooking. Lighting a fire can be more difficult than it seems, especially if the weather is humid or cloudy or in a survival situation when you have little or no supply. As humans, we have to eat to live. Unfortunately, the outdoors doesn't have a 24-hour Starbucks or McDonald's.
Therefore, you need to understand what is needed to build fishing and hunting traps to capture local wildlife. Sailing is one of the most important survival skills. Being able to find your way and stay on course can significantly increase your chances of survival. The field of wilderness survival is huge, but there are 5 key skills that are the most important to learn.
They will help you whether you are lost, injured or in a surviving situation for almost any reason. Skills are in order of priority. Just like in an emergency room, you have to deal with the most serious problems first, followed by the next. When you're proficient in all of this, you'll have the basic skills to survive 72 hours, which is what you need to facilitate a rescue or get back to your car.
You should always carry a first aid kit, but it won't do much good if you don't have the skills to use it. A basic course of CPR and first aid will help you get started, but when you spend a lot of time in nature, a first aid course in nature will expand your skills. By having strong navigational skills, you will avoid the common problem of getting lost. You want to know how to use a map and compass, a GPS and your phone.
In addition, you want to have the basic skills to know where the sun is during the day as a way to calculate your approximate general direction. Once you have shelter, fire is next in importance. By giving you warmth, light and a way to cook and boil water, fire is also psychologically reassuring. You want to practice various types of fire making so you don't get caught off guard when it's time to light a fire in an emergency.
It can only carry a limited amount of water, so knowing how to find and process safe drinking water in nature is crucial. You can survive about 3 days without water, so it's not as urgent as first aid, but it's still important. Learn about the health risks of drinking untreated water and how to make it safe to drink. See our article on safe drinking water in the field for more information.
We cover the 10 essentials for hiking in more depth in their own article, but you should never go hiking, climbing or mountain biking without the following. Hydration is important, so bring water and a safe way to process drinking water on your adventures. Carry a first aid kit equipped to cover the most common injuries and illnesses. Building a shelter or finding one is by far the most important survival skill you can have.
Almost everything in any survival scenario begins with the scene of a person losing his way in a hostile environment. These can be efficient and effective solutions if you have access to these elements in a survival situation. Contrary to what the movies say about survival, putting it on a stick and suspending it over a fire isn't the best way to cook something over a campfire. Most wilderness survival scenarios involve immediate rescue, searching for water and building a shelter, the most important landmarks worth striving for.
Now let's imagine what happens if you find yourself in the desert without any preparation, without any survival equipment. Whether there is a horrendous storm that drains your energy or you just get lost by wandering too far off the trails, a very bad situation can be exceptionally mitigated if you only know some basic survival skills. Work on these 10 skills first and do them WELL, before moving on to other more advanced survival skills. Hopefully, you'll at least carry a pocket knife in a survival situation, but if you don't, you won't be in trouble.
If you can find flint, obsidian or other similar stones, you can create a stone age knife that will help you survive. The specific skills needed to survive in each climate and situation vary greatly, the skills needed in the Pacific Northwest are different from those needed for the Arizona desert. Therefore, drinking a necessary amount of water is important not only in a survival situation but also in daily life. Getting clean drinking water is perhaps the most important skill needed in a survival situation.
Most people in survival situations die of hypothermia, which can be easily avoided with basic survival skills. You should take a good and honest look at yourself, your family, your situation, and figure out how prepared you are for disaster, and whether or not you have what it takes to survive. . .