Basic Disaster Supply Kit Water (one gallon per person per day for several days, for drinking and sanitation), food (at least one multi-day supply of non-perishable food), battery-powered or hand-cranked radio and a NOAA weather radio with tone alert, flashlight, first aid kit, batteries additional whistle (for help signal). After adverse weather conditions, clean drinking water may not be available. Keep bottled water handy for two weeks, at least one gallon of water per person per day. If a power outage leaves your region without electricity and no access to the grocery store, you'll be grateful that you stored non-perishable food in advance.
If you evacuate, the Red Cross estimates that you will need enough food for three days; if you stay at home, be sure to store ready-to-eat food for about two weeks. Being a survivor means adapting to any situation with the right survival tools, tips and tricks. Several sites will recommend slightly different items for your essential survival kit, but the items listed above are the most commonly used. Mention water filtration tablets, but nothing about a container to put water to purify it.
I recommend including at least one 1 liter collapsible water bottle in the list (one per person). I would add a 24-48 hour backup charger for smartphones. Current phones have GPS tracking devices. The chargers are small and lightweight.
You should have enough food to eat comfortably for three days and include a variety of light, nutritious and calorie-dense options. Freeze-dried meals, high-calorie energy bars, and MRDs are a good place to start building your food supply. You're probably working hard or under stress, and your body needs the right fuel to stay focused and strong. Between 2000 and 2500 calories a day is a safe bet for adults.
An emergency preparedness kit is a first step in ensuring that families and businesses can sustain themselves in the event of disease outbreaks or natural disasters, such as severe winter storms, earthquakes, fires and floods. Emergency supplies for the family can be contained in large, new garbage cans, backpacks or suitcases, and can be put together for several months by adding just one or two items to a shopping list. Kits should include food, water, a first aid kit, tools, copies of important documents, clothing and bedding, medicines and pet supplies. Fires, floods, earthquakes, and a variety of other situations can affect your clean water supply.
Plan to have at least one gallon of clean water handy per person per day for both drinking and sanitation (bathing and washing dishes). You can buy gallons of purified water from your local grocery store or, in a hurry, you can wash and reuse empty bottles of soda and juice and fill them with tap water. If you're making a survival kit to travel or evacuate, it's probably not reasonable to carry more than a gallon of water with you (and even that can be a stretch), so consider using a portable water straw, such as the LifeStraw. Filter straws are small, packable and lightweight, so you can take them pretty much anywhere and you can use them as drinking straws from any water source.
In an emergency situation, when it comes to food, easier is better. In your prep kit, include easy-to-eat foods such as energy bars, dried meat, nuts and nuts. But don't just take whatever is cheaper, make sure you have food on hand that you and your family like. Eating unappetizing foods is a real morale killer when you're already under pressure.
When planning your emergency food supply, be sure to also include baby and pet food, if needed. If you want to expand your kit to include hot meal options, canned food is cheap (don't forget to put a can opener in your kit) or you can get freeze-dried food bags for a lighter and more portable option. If you want to stock up on calories without breaking the bank, food ration bars are easy to put into any emergency kit. Like the rest of the items on our list, it's a good idea to assemble your first aid kit with what you already have.
Gather bandages, gauze, antibiotic ointment and pain relievers to create a basic kit just in case. Gradually add items such as burn cream, elastic bandages, allergy medications, tourniquets and other first aid items. Supplement your first aid kit as needed with additional prescription medications and, if you have children, be sure to also add medicines for children (such as liquid paracetamol). With water, food, communication, electricity, and medical needs covered, the next thing you need to worry about is staying warm and dry.
Each emergency kit must include at least one additional set of clothing for each person using it, along with an emergency reflective blanket. The blanket can be used as an emergency shelter if needed, but you can also include a waterproof tarpaulin for additional coverage. The rest of the items in your kit will depend on what you're planning. If you live in an earthquake or tornado area, you'll want tools to turn off utilities and a whistle to call for help if you're stuck.
If you think you might have an emergency situation where you would need to evacuate, place insurance papers, passports, birth certificates and other important documents in a waterproof container that you can easily grasp. Consider your personal situation and plan accordingly. An airtight container, such as a large storage tub, is a good choice for most emergency survival kits. It keeps everything in one place and is quite easy to move if you have to evacuate.
For an emergency supply kit in your car, you may want to use a storage container, but it's also a good idea to include a backpack in case you need to grab your kit essentials and leave. For a personal office kit, an emergency bag in the form of a backpack is ideal. If possible, store your kit in a climate-controlled environment, as extreme temperatures can spoil food faster and damage water containers. Generally speaking, the more outdoor survival skills you master, the fewer items you'll need in your survival kit.
Below is a list of basic items (based on a family of four to survive seven to ten days) that each emergency supply kit should include. While there's no way of knowing how long you'll need to survive on your own after a natural disaster or other emergency, planning for a minimum of three days of survival is a good place to start. All Nevadans must have some basic supplies on hand for a family to survive if an emergency occurs. Whichever first aid child you choose, Mike Glover, a crisis management and response expert and host of the popular FieldCraft Survival podcast, recommends that you always keep a 30-day supply of over-the-counter medications (such as pain relievers, colds, allergies, anti-diarrheal medications), as well as any prescriptions medications.
Jim Cobb, editor-in-chief of Prepper Survival Guide and Backwoods Survival Guide, likes the 5.11 Tactical RUSH24 bag, saying it's “robust without being ridiculously huge”. If you want more variety and are thinking of supplementing your stock with freeze-dried foods, Survival Mom, Prepper Potpourri and David from Preppers Survive as Mountainhouse. Coyne only uses Energizer, and Ramey won't move from his Panasonic Enloops “because they last a long time sitting on a shelf, and Survival Mom loves the ones on Survival Frog (unrelated). .